Journal directory listing - Volume 58 (2013) - Journal of Research in Education Sciences【58(3)】September (Special Issue: Research, theory, and practice)

(Special Issue) Influence of Citizens’ Images of Scientists and Museum Visits on the Benefit Perception of Scientific Research Author: Hsiao-Tsung Huang(Longmu Elementary School,Kaohsiung City), Chun-Yen Tsai(Department of Information Management, Cheng Shiu University),Tai-Chu Huang(Center for General Education, National Sun Yat-sen University)

Vol.&No.:Vol. 58, No. 3
Date:September 2013


Science and technology research addresses various socio-scientific issues. The benefit perception of scientific research (BPSR) is a crucial indicator of scientific literacy. The purpose of this study is to explore the effects of citizens’ images of scientists and museum visits on the BPSR. Participants for this study (2,024 in total) were obtained through a probability-proportional-to-size sampling method and were interviewed using the Civic Scientific Literacy Survey. A quantitative analysis was conducted through hierarchical regression analyses. The results showed that images of scientists and museum visits revealed predictability to the BPSR among Taiwanese citizens. The fewer stereotypes that Taiwanese citizens possess about scientists, the greater is the perceived benefits of scientific research. Those who had visited museums in the past year perceived more benefits from scientific research. When museum visit was used as the moderating variable, it revealed two levels of regression. Among the citizens who had not visited museums in the past year, the effect of images of scientists on their BPSR was strong. By contrast, among people who had visited museums in the past year, the effect of images on their BPSR was weak. The research suggests that science educators emphasize citizen stereotypes of scientists and promotion of the visits to science museums. This may allow citizens to perceive the benefits of scientific research.

Keywords:informal Learning, benefit perception, images of scientists, scientific literacy, museum education

《Full Text》 檔名

  1. 李文旗、張俊彥(2005)。中學生應達到的地球科學素養?-中學地科老師的觀點。師大學報:科學教育類,50(2),1-27。【Lee, W.-C., & Chang, C.-Y. (2005). Taiwan’s secondary school teachers’ expectations with regard to the earth science literacy of their students. Journal of National Taiwan Normal University: Mathematics & Science Education, 50(2), 1-27.】
  2. 佘曉清(1999)。影響我國中小學學生科學家印象因素之綜論。教育研究資訊,7(2),47-60。【She, H.-C. (1999). The discussions of factors influencing the images of scientists of primary and secondary school students in Taiwan. Educational Research Information, 7(2), 47-60.】
  3. 邱皓政(2010)。量化研究與統計分析:SPSS/PASW資料分析範例解析。臺北市:五南。【Chiou, H.-J. (2010). Quantitative research and statistical analysis: SPSS/PASW example analysis of data analysisTaipei, Taiwan: Wu-Nan Book.】
  4. 洪文東、黃俊偉(2008)。國小學童對科學家的意象調查研究:以屏東縣某國小學童為例。美和技術學院學報,27(2),21-48。【Hung, W.-T., & Huang, C.-W. (2008). A survey study of elementary school students’ images of scientists: An example of elementary school students in Pingtung County. Journal of Meiho Institute of Technology, 27(2), 21-48.】
  5. 洪永泰(1992)。民意調查的抽樣設計。研考會雙月刊,16(1),22-34。【Hung, Y.-T. (1992). Sampling design of public opinion survey. Research, Development and Evaluation Commission, 16(1), 22-34.】
» More
APA FormatHuang, H.-T., Tsai, C.-Y., & Huang, T.-C. (2013). Influence of Citizens’ Images of Scientists and Museum Visits on the Benefit Perception of Scientific Research. Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 58(3), 1-22. doi:10.6209/JORIES.2013.58(3).01