Journal directory listing - Volume 61 (2016) - Journal of Research in Education Sciences【61(3)】September

Effects of Intergenerational Transfer and Conversion of Cultural Capital on the Educational Achievements of Junior High School Students Author: Chih-Lung Hsieh (Department of Public and Cultural Affairs, National Taitung University), Chih-Chia Chuang (Department of Sociology, National Dong Hwa University)

Vol.&No.:Vol. 61, No. 3
Date:September 2016


Most studies on cultural capital have analyzed only the academic achievements or further schooling of participants. However, these analyses have failed to provide convincing evidence elucidating the role of cultural capital in education. This study argued that the process of parent-to-progeny transfers of cultural capital must be clarified before the effects of cultural capital on the educational achievements of children can be determined. Data on junior high school students, parents, and teachers released in the Taiwan Education Panel Survey were adopted for analysis. This study determined that parents can transfer cultural capital (and converted economic capital) to their children, which is then reflected in the goodwill of their children toward high culture. Bourdieu’s concept of cultural reproduction was used to explain the conditions of cultural reproduction in Taiwan. However, the cultural goodwill of children negatively influenced their comprehensive ability scores and evaluations of them conducted by teachers; furthermore, cultural goodwill did not significantly affect the entrance of these students into academic senior high schools. These results might stem from an overemphasis on intellectual performance in the Taiwanese educational system, in which the demonstration of cultural goodwill by children frequently diverts their attention and reduces the amount of time they spend in the pursuit of high intellectual performance. This study concludes that the unique educational environment in Taiwan has limited the effects of the internalized cultural capital of children on their academic achievements.

Keywords:culture capital, cultural reproduction, educational achievement, social class

《Full Text》 檔名

  1. 王濟川、郭志剛(2008)。Logistic迴歸模型─方法及應用。臺北市:五南。【Wang, J.-C., & Guo, Z.-G. (2008). Logistic regression models: Methods and application. Taipei, Taiwan: Wu-Nan Book.】
  2. 李文益(2004)。文化資本、多元入學管道與學生學習表現─以台東師院為例。臺東大學教育學報,15(1),1-32。【Lee, W.-I. (2004). Cultural capital, multiple entrance paths and student academic performance-A study of the National Taitung Teacher’s College. NTTU Educational Research Journal, 15(1), 1-32.】
  3. 李文益、黃毅志(2004)。文化資本、社會資本與學生成就的關聯性之研究:以台東師院為例。臺東大學教育學報,15(2),23-58。【Lee, W.-I., & Hwang, Y.-J. (2004). The study on relationship among cultural capital, social capital and students’ achievement: An example of National Taitung Teachers College. NTTU Educational Research Journal, 15(2), 23-58.】
  4. 李佩嬛、黃毅志(2011)。原漢族群、家庭背景與高中職入學考試基測成績、教育分流:以臺東縣為例。教育科學研究期刊,56(1),193-226。doi:10.3966/2073753X2011035601007【Lee, P.-H., & Hwang, Y.-J. (2011). Aboriginals and Hans, family background and their relationship with the basic competence test, and educational tracking: A study in Taitung. Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 56(1), 193-226. doi:10.3966/2073753X2011035601007】
  5. 李鴻章(2006)。臺東縣不同族群學童數學學業成就影響模式之探討。臺灣教育社會學研究,6(2),1-41。【Lee, H.-C. (2006). An exploration of models of mathematics academic achievement of different ethnical schoolchildren in Taitung county. Taiwan Journal of Sociology of Education, 6(2), 1-41.】
» More
APA FormatHsieh, C.-L., & Chuang, C.-C. (2016). Effects of intergenerational transfer and conversion of cultural capital on the educational achievements of junior high school students. Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 61(3), 163-195. doi:10.6209/JORIES.2016.61(3).06