Journal directory listing - Volume 62 (2017) - Journal of Research in Education Sciences【62(4)】December (Special Issue: Institutional Research and Higher Education Development)

(Special Issue) High School Students’ Science Literacy and Educational Performance: A Comparison Between Taiwan and OECD Countries Author: Kai-Chiung Peng (Department of International Business Management, Chien Hsin University of Science and Technology), Chia-Wen Chang (Department of Finance, Chihlee University of Technology), Jui-Sheng Li (Taoyuan City Yang Mei Junior High School)

Vol.&No.:Vol. 62, No.4
Date:December 2017

This study compared science literacy between the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) member countries and Taiwan. To evaluate educational achievements, the study included archiving the assessment results of science literacy, statistically analyzing science literacy accomplishments, investigating the factors that influence science literacy, and assessing the overall efficiency of the science literacy accomplishments that the OECD member countries and Taiwan have achieved. The study participants were the high school students of the OECD member countries and Taiwan who had participated in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012. The study data source was OECD PISA 2012 results. A 3-stage Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) was used. The 1-stage DEA was employed to analyze variety efficiency in the DEA of the CCR and BCC models. The 2-stage DEA was used to remove environmental factors caused by the relative inefficiencies in the Tobit regression analysis. The last stage placed the adjusted output into the model and analyzed the efficiency. It also revealed more decreasing returns to scale countries. Because different countries have different management environments, these factors can interfere with the efficiency assessment. If they are not eliminated in advance, a deviation may be observed in the analysis. This study indicated that the number of countries with technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency, and a scale efficiency value of 1 has increased, while the constant returns to scale countries from 30 to 13, indicating that the status of returns is the most appropriate proportion in input and output. Therefore, no improvements and adjustments were observed. A decrease was observed in returns to scale countries from 5 to 22, indicating that the status of returns is a huge proportion gap in input and output. Therefore, governments should consider adjusting or reducing the proportion of inputs and outputs, as resources may be wasted due to excessive scale expansion.

Keywords:PISA, Three Stage-DEA, Tobit regression

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APA FormatPeng, K. -C., Chang, C. -W. & Li, J. -S. (2017). High school students’ science literacy and educational performance: A comparison between Taiwan and OECD countries. Journal of Research in  Education Sciences, 62(4), 145-179. doi:10.6209/JORIES.2017.62(4).06