Journal directory listing - Volume 63(2018) - Journal of Research in Education Sciences【63(2)】June (Special Issue: Lifelong Learning and Senior Education)

(Special Issue) Health Improvement, Interpersonal Relationships, and Life Satisfaction Among Elderly Learners in Taipei Author: Amy Shumin Chen (General Education Center, Tatung University), Cheng-Ching Chang (Research Institute for the Humanities and Social Sciences, Ministry of Science and Technology), Chih-Fu Wu (Department of Industrial Design, Tatung University)

Vol.&No.:Vol. 63, No.2
Date:June 2018
Pages:127-161
DOI:10.6209/JORIES.201806_63(2).0006

Abstract:
Taiwan has been an aging society since 1993. Elderly people should be encouraged to recognize the importance of their health, plan their finances early, and participate in learning and social activities, because these are important strategies for actively facing the aging process. This study explored the preferred categories and styles of learning among elderly people in Taipei. The results showed that elderly people could be divided into four types according to their learning interests: active, conservative, intellectually oriented, and interpersonally oriented. Most elderly learners were interpersonally oriented, and fewest of them were conservative learners. The findings indicated that learners’ age, educational level, residential area, and marital status were significantly related to their learning type. Fewer active learners were found among those who were less than 60 years old or who had not completed senior high school. Those who were 70 to 74 years old or who had master’s degrees were more active learners. Active learners were more frequently found among elderly people living in Xinyi District, whereas in Songshan District there were more conservative learners. Widowers were more likely to be active and interpersonally oriented learners. Moreover, active learners showed a higher degree of health improvement behavior, interpersonal interaction, and life satisfaction than conservative and interpersonally oriented learners. The authors suggest that differences in learners’ characteristics and location should be kept in mind when planning resources, programs, and activities for elderly people. Moreover, as goals for an aging society, it is necessary to increase the motivation of the category of the conservative groups to engage in learning activities and to promote learning participations for those elder learners with lower social and economic status.

Keywords:elderly learners, health improvement, interpersonal interaction, learning topics and style, life satisfaction

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APA FormatChen, A. S., Chang, C. -C.& Wu, C. -F.(2018). Health Improvement, Interpersonal Relationships, and Life Satisfaction Among Elderly Learners in Taipei. Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 63(2), 127-161. doi:10.6209/JORIES.201806_63(2).0006