Journal directory listing - Volume 64 (2019) - Journal of Research in Education Sciences【64(2)】June

The Coexistence and Conflict of Pseudoscience Belief and Scientific Literacy: Investigate Adults’ Engagement in Scientific and Pseudoscientific Activities Author: Shu-Fen Lin (Graduate Institute of Science Education, National Changhua University of Education), Huann-Shyang Lin (Center for General Education, National Sun Yat-sen University)

Vol.&No.:Vol. 64, No.2
Date:June 2019

The first purpose of this study was to investigate whether Taiwanese adults’ pseudo-scientific beliefs and engagement in pseudo-scientific activities (i.e. watching pseudo-scientific TV programs) changed significantly. The second purpose was to investigate the relationship among science literacy, pseudo-scientific beliefs, and engagement in scientific and pseudo-scientific activities. According to the levels of subjects’ scientific literacy and pseudo-scientific beliefs in 2015 civic science literacy survey, a representational sample of adults was categorized into nine groups to investigate the difference of scientific literacy, scientific and pseudo-scientific affection and practice aspects among three groups with different levels of pseudo-scientific beliefs, and which groups of adults had more experience of pseudoscience health practice. The data base of 2012 and 2015 civic science literacy survey was analyzed. The results indicated that Taiwanese adults’ pseudo-scientific beliefs descended significantly from 2012 to 2015, but their pseudo-scientific experience of health practices (e.g. magnetic therapy) increased significantly. The main factor that influenced adults’ participation in pseudo-scientific health practices was their pseudo-scientific beliefs, rather than their scientific literacy. Among the adults with lows scientific literacy, youth, married, and women seem accept most easily pseudo-scientific belief. It is noted that people with high pseudoscientific beliefs had significantly higher scores of enjoyment in scientific learning than those with medium pseudoscientific beliefs. There are more adults with high education background in the group with high pseudoscientific beliefs. People with higher pseudoscientific beliefs may be interested in learning science and accept scientific and pseudoscientific things, but they lack ability to distinguish between science and pseudoscience. To decrease possible harm from pseudoscience, it is suggested that certain topics (i.e. health, medical treatment) for women to distinguish science from pseudo-science should be addressed in public science education.

Keywords:engagement in science, pseudoscience, pseudoscientific activity, scientific literacy

《Full Text》 檔名

  1. 王念綺(2003)。另類醫療、醫療化與健康商品化現象:以芳香療法的新聞報導為例(未出版碩士論文)。國立政治大學,臺北市。 【Wang, D. (2003). Phenomenon of alternative medical treatment, medical and health commercialization: A case study of aromatherapy news (Unpublished master’s thesis). National Chengchi University, Taipei, Taiwan.】
  2. 王貞懿(2011)。從新聞中的偽科學報導看大學生的科學素養與媒體識讀能力(未出版碩士論文)。國立政治大學,臺北市。 【Wang, C.-Y. (2011). Scientific literacy and media literacy: How college students believe pseudoscience in news (Unpublished master’s thesis). National Chengchi University, Taipei, Taiwan.】
  3. 永康堂(2013)。磁療法。取自 %81%E7%99%82%E6%B3%95%EF%B9%9Dmagnetic_treatment%EF%B9%9E%EF%BC%9A 【Yongkang Tang. (2013). Magnetic treatment. Retrieved from %80%E7%A3%81%E7%99%82%E6%B3%95%EF%B9%9Dmagnetic_treatment%EF%B9%9E%EF%BC%9A】
  4. 放心醫苑網(2015)。看似包治百病多是心理作用家用磁療效果不大。取自https://read01. com/x0j4EO.html 【Medical Care Web. (2015). Magnetic treatment used at home seems cure all diseases, but it is not effective. Retrieved from
  5. 林煥祥(2009)。公民科技素養的調查研究:指標內涵及評量架構規劃成果。國科會專題研究計畫成果報告(NSC98-2511-S-110-005)。高雄市:國立中山大學通識教育中心。 【Lin, H.-S. (2009). The survey of Taiwanese citizens’ scientific literacy: A report of planning indicator content and evaluation framework. National Science Council project report (NSC98-2511-S-110-005). Kaohsiung, Taiwan: The Center for General Education, National Sun Yat-sen University.】
» More
APA FormatLin, S.-F., & Lin, H.-S. (2019). The Coexistence and Conflict of Pseudoscience Belief and Scientific Literacy: Investigate Adults’ Engagement in Scientific and Pseudoscientific Activities. Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 64(2), 69-97. doi: 10.6209/JORIES.201906_64(2).0003