Journal directory listing - Vol.67(2022) - Journal of Research in Education Sciences【67(1)】March

Taiwan’s Aid Systems for Economically Underprivileged Students in Higher Education Author: Tian-Ming Sheu (Department of Education, National Taiwan Normal University), Hsin-Mei Tung (Department of Education, National Taiwan Normal University), Ya-Wen Shang (Department of Education,National Taiwan Normal University)Tian-Ming Sheu (Department of Education, National Taiwan Normal University), Hsin-Mei Tung (Department of Education, National Taiwan Normal University), Ya-Wen Shang (Department of Education,National Taiwan Normal University)

Vol.&No.:Vol. 67, No. 1
Date:March 2022
Pages:123-158
DOI:https://doi.org/10.6209/JORIES.202203_67(1).0005

Abstract:
Research Motivation and Purpose
The Taiwanese government has developed numerous financial aid measures to reduce the burden of higher education expenses for economically disadvantaged students. However, a large majority of economically disadvantaged university students continue to raise their education expenses through work-study opportunities. Furthermore, the complicated scholarship application process discourages students from applying for available scholarships, suggesting that the resources and measures aimed at supporting disadvantage students are inadequate. To address the dearth of information in this area, this study invited economically disadvantaged students who had received government assistance during their studies to participate in focus groups. This study aimed to (1) investigate whether the support measures offered by the government to students from low-income and lower-middle-income families and to students receiving funding from the Financial Aid Project for Economically Disadvantaged Students in Higher Education are sufficient to assist these students in their studies and (2) identify obstacles to the practical application of these support measures.
Literature Review
Reflecting the research goals, the literature review discusses relevant theoretical research in the field of student financial aid. It includes a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of educational assistance measures and the current efforts by the Taiwanese government to assist economically disadvantaged students with their educational expenses, as well as related problems and responses. The literature reveals that scholarships are the most direct method of reducing student financial burdens and that work-study programs that address both educational expenses and the student’s future development offer long-term benefits. Taiwan has expanded the number of recipients of funding from the Financial Aid Project for Economically Disadvantaged Students in Higher Education and has worked to strengthen work-study programs to ensure a connection between the work done and the student’s studies. However, the literature demonstrates that insufficient scholarships and work-study opportunities result in most students still choosing to work off-campus.
Methodology
This study was based on a consideration of schooling needs and support measures for a wide range of students enrolled in different types of universities. Fourteen students studying at four higher education institutions—public and private universities and public and private science and technology universities—were invited to participate. Each student came from a low-income or lower-middle-income family or was receiving funding from the Financial Aid Project for Economically Disadvantaged Students in Higher Education. This study investigated the channels and quotas for financial aid opportunities that are purportedly available to economically disadvantaged students and explored each interviewee’s actual experiences regarding the availability of such resources, as well as the barriers to entry created by the operational nature of financial assistance measures.
Research Results
The results reveal that low-income students in both public and private universities can reduce the financial burden of higher education without applying for additional loans by accessing various government scholarships and stipends. However, students from lower-middle-income families who receive funding from the Financial Aid Project for Economically Disadvantaged Students in Higher Education are still unable to acquire their schooling expenses through government scholarships and stipends, highlighting the ineffectiveness of existing financial aid measures for the most economically disadvantaged students. In addition, information regarding financial assistance is still not sufficiently updated or relayed to the students and families who need it the most. Even if parents and students receive the necessary information, the confusion caused by the names and qualifications of the different measures and the unfriendly and cumbersome nature of the application process reduces willingness to apply.
Discussion and Research Suggestions
To support economically disadvantaged students starting or finishing their tertiary education, the author suggests the following: (1) The number of scholarships and amount of aid available to students from lower-middle-income families and students under the Financial Aid Project for Economically Disadvantaged Students in Higher Education should be increased. (2) Work-study programs should be implemented with a focus on the student’s current studies or future career, and the labeling of the assistance measures should be standardized to help students distinguish their available options. (3) Finally, the updating and circulation of financial aid-related information should be improved. This study offers the Ministry of Education and universities a summary table of scholarships, the materials and deadlines for applications, and a point of contact that students and their families can access easily.

Keywords:higher education, economically underprivileged students, student aid system

《Full Text》 檔名

References:
  1. 王如哲、楊瑩、劉秀曦、張珍瑋、黃家凱(2014)。我國推動經濟弱勢學生之人才培育政策分析與發展。臺灣經濟論衡,12(2),61-83。【Wang, R.-J., Yang, Y., Liou, S.-S., Chang, C.-W., & Huang, C.-K. (2014). Analysis and development of Taiwan’s policies to promote talent cultivation of economically disadvantaged students. Taiwan Economic Forum, 12(2), 61-83.】
  2. 行政院(2018)。推動兒童及少年未來教育與發展帳戶—協助弱勢孩童自立脫貧。https://www. ey.gov.tw/Page/5A8A0CB5B41DA11E/52d1abd9-87f2-4863-b745-7ab2510b6d67 【Executive Yuan. (2018). The accounts for promoting future education and development of children and adolescents-assist disadvantaged children to be independent and away from poverty. https://www.ey.gov.tw/ Page/5A8A0CB5B41DA11E/52d1abd9-87f2-4863-b745-7ab2510b6d67】
  3. 行政院主計總處(2019)。家庭收支調查報告。https://win.dgbas.gov.tw/fies/a11.asp?year=108 【Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics of Executive Yuan. (2019). Report on the survey of family income & expenditure. https://win.dgbas.gov.tw/fies/a11.asp?year=108】
  4. 低收入生及中低收入生就讀高級中等以上學校學雜費減免辦法(2016)。 【Regulations for Tuition Fees Exemption of the Upper Secondary and Higher Education (2016).】
  5. 吳淑禎(2018)。生涯韌力:大學青年的生涯逆境知覺及其因應策略之研究。教育科學研究期刊,63(3),197-230。https://doi.org/10.6209/JORIES.201809_63(3).0007 【Wu, S.-C. (2018). Career resilience: Career adversities and the effects of coping strategies on higher education students’ career path. Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 63(3), 197-230. https://doi.org/10.6209/ JORIES.201809_63(3).0007】
» More
APA FormatSheu, T.-M., Tung, H.-M., & Shang, Y.-W. (2022). Taiwan’s Aid Systems for Economically Underprivileged Students in Higher Education. Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 67(1), 123-158. https://doi.org/10.6209/JORIES.202203_67(1).0005