期刊目錄列表 - 62卷(2017) - 【教育科學研究期刊】62(2)六月刊

取得中學教職的關鍵因素:運用決策樹探勘師資培育歷程 作者:黃嘉莉(國立臺灣師範大學師資培育與就業輔導處)、葉怡芬(國立臺灣師範大學師資培育與就業輔導處)、許瑛玿(國立臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所)、曾元顯(國立臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所)

卷期:62卷第2期
日期:2017年6月
頁碼:89-123
DOI:10.6209/JORIES.2017.62(2).04

摘要:
本研究旨在透過大量的教育數據,運用資料探勘技術中的決策樹演算法,分析師資生於現行的師資培育歷程中,取得中學教師資格與取得正式教職的關鍵因素,以作為改進師資培育的參考。本研究以一所傳統師範體系的綜合大學2003~2010年入學的師資生為對象,運用開源碼軟體Weka分類演算法中的決策樹,針對每位師資生經歷5年培育歷程中修課與培訓的數據,進行資料探勘,用以瞭解取得教師證書與正式教職的關鍵因素。本研究主要結果為:一、三個主要學院(文、理、教育學院)的師資生取得教職所需年限有別(特別是理學院差異較大);二、取得教師證書的關鍵因素是教育專業知識,而取得正式教職的關鍵因素則為專門知識與學科教學知識。此外,師資生拓展多元經驗亦有機會取得教職,且目前結果顯示教育實習成績並非是取得教師證書與教師工作的關鍵因素。本研究再以各類文獻驗證上述部分結果,提供師資培育較佳作法的參考建議。

關鍵詞:決策樹、教師證書、教職、學科教學知識

《詳全文》 檔名

參考文獻:
  1. 王麗雲、張民杰、張素貞(2013)。100學年度大三/四技三師資生調查描述性分析報告。取自https://teacher.edu.tw/web/file/report/hedu_100junior_p.pdf【Wang, L.-Y., Chang, M.-C., & Chang, S.-C. (2013). A descriptive analysis for year 3 student teachers in 100 academic semester. Retrieved from: https://teacher.edu.tw/web/file/report/hedu_100junior_p.pdf】
  2. 朱苑瑜、葉玉珠(2003)。實習教師信念改變的影響因素之探討。師大學報:教育類,48(1),41-66。doi:10.3966/2073753X2003044801003【Chu, Y.-Y., & Yeh, Y.-C. (2003). A study of influential to student teachers’ belief change. Journal of Taiwan University, 48(1), 41-66. doi:10.3966/2073753X2003044801003】
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  4. 李俊湖、陳志強、陳禎祐、白博仁、陳文俊、劉淑甄…楊淑敏(2007)。少子化趨勢下臺灣師資培育之困境與省思。載於國立教育研究院籌備處(主編),第106期國小校長儲訓班專題研究彙編(pp. 45-58)。新北市:國立教育研究院籌備處。【Lee, J.-H., Chen, C.-C., Chen, C.-Y., Bai, P.-Y., Chen, W.-C., Liu, S.-C., …Yang, S.-M. (2007). Difficulties and reflections for cultivation of teachers in Taiwan under the dropping of birth rate. In Preparatory Office for National Academy for Educational Research (Ed.), Compilation of special topics in 106 primary school principals training class (pp. 45-58). New Taipei City, Taiwan: Preparatory Office for National Academy for Educational Research.】
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中文APA引文格式黃嘉莉、葉怡芬、許瑛玿、曾元顯(2017)。取得中學教職的關鍵因素:運用決策樹探勘師資培育歷程。教育科學研究期刊62(2),89-123。doi:10.6209/JORIES.2017.62(2).04
APA FormatHuang, J.-L., Yeh, Y.-F., Hsu, Y.-S., &Tseng, Y.-H. (2017). Critical factors of becoming secondary school teachers: Mining the process of teacher education by decision trees. Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 62(2), 89-123. doi:10.6209/JORIES.2017.62(2).04

Journal directory listing - Volume 62(2017) - Journal of Research in Education Sciences【62(2)】June

Critical Factors of Becoming Secondary School Teachers: Mining the Process of Teacher Education by Decision Trees Author: Jia-Li Huang(Teacher Education and Careers Service, National Taiwan Normal University), Yi-Fen Yeh(Teacher Education and Careers Service, National Taiwan Normal University), Ying-Shao Hsu(Graduate Institute of Science Education, National Taiwan Normal University), Yuen-Hsien Tseng(Graduate Institute of Library & Information Studies, National Taiwan Normal University)

Vol.&No.:Vol. 62, No.2
Date:June 2017
Pages:89-123
DOI:10.6209/JORIES.2017.62(2).04

Abstract:

This study aimed to identify the critical factors leading teacher students to successfully receive teacher certificates and become secondary school teachers by mining vast educational data using decision trees in order to provide actionable suggestions to improve teacher education. The five-year learning evidence of the teacher students enrolled during 2003-2010 school years from a normal university in Taiwan was collected and then analyzed with the open source data mining software Weka by use of its decision tree algorithms. The major findings include: (1) Years spent to receive a teacher job were different among the three major colleges, namely colleges of Education, Liberal Arts, and Science; (2) Education knowledge is the critical predictor to receive a teacher certificate, while pedagogical content knowledge and content knowledge play the most critical roles to obtain a teacher job. In addition, more practical experiences were also useful to obtain a teacher job, and the score of education practicum was an ineffective predictor, as the current result shows. This study verifies part of the findings with previous work to provide solid suggestions for better teacher education practice.

Keywords:Critical Factors of Becoming Secondary School Teachers: Mining the Process of Teacher Education by Decision Trees