期刊目錄列表 - 67卷(2022) - 【教育科學研究期刊】67(1)三月刊

我國大學校院經濟弱勢學生協助就學措施之研究 作者:國立臺灣師範大學教育學系許添明、國立臺灣師範大學教育學系董馨梅、國立臺灣師範大學教育學系商雅雯

卷期:67卷第1期
日期:2022年3月
頁碼:123-158
DOI:https://doi.org/10.6209/JORIES.202203_67(1).0005

摘要:
我國政府為降低經濟弱勢學生因家庭背景影響其求學意願,提供多項協助措施,但研究仍指出有高比例的大專校院弱勢學生仰賴工讀填補就學所需,且繁瑣的獎學金申請程序降低弱勢學生申請意願。本研究以實際受助者觀點,邀請14位低收入、中低收入學生,以及教育部擴大就學照顧的《大專校院弱勢學生助學計畫》適用學生,進行兩場焦點團體訪談,探討我國政府提供給不同類型經濟弱勢生的各項協助措施是否足夠就學所需,以及其配套是否確實有助於降低經濟弱勢學生就學阻礙。研究結果發現,公立大專校院低收入生獲得的就學資源足夠其所需,私立大專校院低收入學生仍稍有不足,但中低收入學生與《大專校院弱勢學生助學計畫》適用學生獲得的資源卻遠不足以填補就學所需缺口;工讀措施名稱混淆,內涵又與學生學習衝突;且多項協助措施申請辦法不易理解,也未能有效傳播,導致有需要的學生及家長,申辦過程阻礙重重。本研究依據上述研究發現提供政策建議。

關鍵詞:高等教育、經濟弱勢學生、獎助學金制度

《詳全文》 檔名

參考文獻:
  1. 王如哲、楊瑩、劉秀曦、張珍瑋、黃家凱(2014)。我國推動經濟弱勢學生之人才培育政策分析與發展。臺灣經濟論衡,12(2),61-83。【Wang, R.-J., Yang, Y., Liou, S.-S., Chang, C.-W., & Huang, C.-K. (2014). Analysis and development of Taiwan’s policies to promote talent cultivation of economically disadvantaged students. Taiwan Economic Forum, 12(2), 61-83.】
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中文APA引文格式許添明、董馨梅、商雅雯(2022)。我國大學校院經濟弱勢學生協助就學措施之研究。教育科學研究期刊,67(1),123-158。https://doi.org/10.6209/JORIES.202203_67(1).0005
APA FormatSheu, T.-M., Tung, H.-M., & Shang, Y.-W. (2022). Taiwan’s Aid Systems for Economically Underprivileged Students in Higher Education. Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 67(1), 123-158. https://doi.org/10.6209/JORIES.202203_67(1).0005

Journal directory listing - Vol.67(2022) - Journal of Research in Education Sciences【67(1)】March

Taiwan’s Aid Systems for Economically Underprivileged Students in Higher Education Author: Tian-Ming Sheu (Department of Education, National Taiwan Normal University), Hsin-Mei Tung (Department of Education, National Taiwan Normal University), Ya-Wen Shang (Department of Education,National Taiwan Normal University)Tian-Ming Sheu (Department of Education, National Taiwan Normal University), Hsin-Mei Tung (Department of Education, National Taiwan Normal University), Ya-Wen Shang (Department of Education,National Taiwan Normal University)

Vol.&No.:Vol. 67, No. 1
Date:March 2022
Pages:123-158
DOI:https://doi.org/10.6209/JORIES.202203_67(1).0005

Abstract:
Research Motivation and Purpose
The Taiwanese government has developed numerous financial aid measures to reduce the burden of higher education expenses for economically disadvantaged students. However, a large majority of economically disadvantaged university students continue to raise their education expenses through work-study opportunities. Furthermore, the complicated scholarship application process discourages students from applying for available scholarships, suggesting that the resources and measures aimed at supporting disadvantage students are inadequate. To address the dearth of information in this area, this study invited economically disadvantaged students who had received government assistance during their studies to participate in focus groups. This study aimed to (1) investigate whether the support measures offered by the government to students from low-income and lower-middle-income families and to students receiving funding from the Financial Aid Project for Economically Disadvantaged Students in Higher Education are sufficient to assist these students in their studies and (2) identify obstacles to the practical application of these support measures.
Literature Review
Reflecting the research goals, the literature review discusses relevant theoretical research in the field of student financial aid. It includes a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of educational assistance measures and the current efforts by the Taiwanese government to assist economically disadvantaged students with their educational expenses, as well as related problems and responses. The literature reveals that scholarships are the most direct method of reducing student financial burdens and that work-study programs that address both educational expenses and the student’s future development offer long-term benefits. Taiwan has expanded the number of recipients of funding from the Financial Aid Project for Economically Disadvantaged Students in Higher Education and has worked to strengthen work-study programs to ensure a connection between the work done and the student’s studies. However, the literature demonstrates that insufficient scholarships and work-study opportunities result in most students still choosing to work off-campus.
Methodology
This study was based on a consideration of schooling needs and support measures for a wide range of students enrolled in different types of universities. Fourteen students studying at four higher education institutions—public and private universities and public and private science and technology universities—were invited to participate. Each student came from a low-income or lower-middle-income family or was receiving funding from the Financial Aid Project for Economically Disadvantaged Students in Higher Education. This study investigated the channels and quotas for financial aid opportunities that are purportedly available to economically disadvantaged students and explored each interviewee’s actual experiences regarding the availability of such resources, as well as the barriers to entry created by the operational nature of financial assistance measures.
Research Results
The results reveal that low-income students in both public and private universities can reduce the financial burden of higher education without applying for additional loans by accessing various government scholarships and stipends. However, students from lower-middle-income families who receive funding from the Financial Aid Project for Economically Disadvantaged Students in Higher Education are still unable to acquire their schooling expenses through government scholarships and stipends, highlighting the ineffectiveness of existing financial aid measures for the most economically disadvantaged students. In addition, information regarding financial assistance is still not sufficiently updated or relayed to the students and families who need it the most. Even if parents and students receive the necessary information, the confusion caused by the names and qualifications of the different measures and the unfriendly and cumbersome nature of the application process reduces willingness to apply.
Discussion and Research Suggestions
To support economically disadvantaged students starting or finishing their tertiary education, the author suggests the following: (1) The number of scholarships and amount of aid available to students from lower-middle-income families and students under the Financial Aid Project for Economically Disadvantaged Students in Higher Education should be increased. (2) Work-study programs should be implemented with a focus on the student’s current studies or future career, and the labeling of the assistance measures should be standardized to help students distinguish their available options. (3) Finally, the updating and circulation of financial aid-related information should be improved. This study offers the Ministry of Education and universities a summary table of scholarships, the materials and deadlines for applications, and a point of contact that students and their families can access easily.

Keywords:higher education, economically underprivileged students, student aid system